Yunnan Travel Guide – Yunnan Minority Groups
Yunnan seems like a microcosm of multinational China. It has 25 minorities, nearly half of the entire web of a’s overall quantity of fifty-six. Each minority, dispensing in the exclusive nook of Yunnan Province, has its own customs, records, and subculture for hundreds of years, celebrating their personal festivals that are absolutely appealing and captivating. With such variety, Yunnan draws most of the people who are inquisitive about ethnic lifestyle and customs.
Among the present 25 minority groups, the Yi, Bai, Dai, Naxi, Zang (Tibetan), and many others. Are the majority and maximum well-known. They have structured cultures, customs, languages, and histories. Most of them also have their own faith beliefs, including Tibetan Buddhism, Taoism, and Muslim. In the beyond hundreds of years, they’d co-existed and developed in peace and harmony. At present, many live in over-lapping regions, and transracial marriage occurs often.
Yi People is one of the ancient ones in Yunnan. They are disbursed over Chuxiong, Honghe, Ailaoshang, and areas of Xiaoliangshang in Yunnan. Their language is a branch of the circle of relatives of Tibetan and Myanmar languages. Yi lives in a kind of residence of wooden timbers battlement. The fireplace (a hollow dug at the ground) is never removed 12 months around their homes. It is the dwelling center of the own family, so-known as “Fireplace Culture.” Yi people are so forthright, exact at drinking, singing, and having a felt at the lower back. The circle of relatives device is the structure of a husband and one wife forming a small family. They choose the black coloration, so inside the history, the Yi nobleman changed into continually in black, the white represented the “Wazi,” which means the serfs. The man has a black scarf around the top and a set of black garments. But the female is in colorful shining garments. Yi believes within the Master of Soil and multi-Gods religion. Their main holiday is the “Festival of Torch”(Around in March), which provides exceptional pastimes on Yunnan tours for plenty of humans.
Bai People live in Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture, and others are scattered in Kunming, Yuanjiang, Lijiang, and Lansing. Bai People preserve the white coloration in excessive esteem and call themselves “Baizi,” “Baini,” or “Baihuo” because of these white humans.
Since ancient instances, the Bai human beings have established a near courting with the Han and the Yi in the neighboring regions’ interior. After the Nanzhao Kingdom, mainly throughout the Dali Kingdom, all the Bais in specific regions became a nationality with similar languages, cultures, and economic structures. Now they’ve their very own spoken language that belongs to the Tibeto-Burman Stock of the Sino-Tibetan Language Family. Many Bai people are excellent at the Han language. They use the Han characters as their writing device. Besides Buddhism and Taoism, the worship of the Patron God is maximum popular. The Patron God Temple may be observed in nearly every village. Patron God is the Guardian of a village or a region.
The Bai white coats with black vests. Women want to put on white or blue jackets with black or blue vests. Unmarried women like to have a pigtail or put on lovely headdresses that show the 4 well-known scenes in Dali, specifically the vegetation in Shangguan, the wind in Xiaguan, and the snow at the top of the Cangshan Mountain, and the moon contemplated in the Elrhai Lake. The married ladies coil their hair and wrap it with black or embroidered cloth.
The Bai People’s important festivals are the Raosanlin, the Torch Festival, the Patron God Festival, and the Shibaoshan Mountain Song Festival. The maximum essential of all is the Third Month Fair in Dali, which falls on March fifteenth on the lunar calendar and lasts 7 days. In particular, Naxi People live in Lijiang Naxi Autonomous County, Ninlglang County, Yongsheng County, and Weixi, Zhongdian, and Deqin counties in Diqing. “Naxi” method folks that worship black or a nation.
The Naxi human beings have an awesome tradition, of which the most important one is the Dongba language, which includes the handiest surviving hieroglyphic characters in the world. The Naxi human beings have their own language, which belongs to the Tibet-Burmese Branch of the Sino-Tibetan language Family (Yi Branch). The Naxi people consider Mahayana Buddhism, Taoism, and Lamaism. The well-known Lijiang Murals well display their attitudes toward extensive-mindedness and their assimilation of various cultures.
The Naxi men’s costumes are not very one of a kind from those of the Han humans. The Naxi women usually wear coats with free sleeves and buttons at the right, vests, long trousers, and pleated aprons. They additionally put on a goat-felt cape inside the shoulders with the pattern of 7 embroidered circles symbolizing diligence and hard running.
The Mosuo human beings, a branch of the Naxi nationality, still hold the specific Axia marital custom. The trace of a matrilineal device can still be visible in this organization. Therefore they’re called the “Living Fossil” to observe the development of the human family and marriage.