How to Build a Computer

This academic is aimed at supporting you to build your very own pc. There are many unique combos of hardware you may have. We can cope with the fundamentals to permit you to get a desktop computer up and strolling.


Tools Required

Philips Crosshead Screwdriver, Overhead light source, Tweezers, Wrist strap to desktop computers attach you to the case.

Hardware Required

PC Case, Floppy Disk Drive, CD Rom Drive, Hard Drive, Motherboard, Processor, Processor Heat Sink(fan), RAM, Power Supply, Video Card, Keyboard and Mouse

Software Required

Operating System, Drivers (come with hardware), motherboard CD of desktop computers

Cables and Extras

Drive Cables, Screws (generally with PC Case), CPU Cooling Compound, Power Cords for laptop and monitor

Step 1…Install Power Supply Unit (PSU), CPU, and Heat Sink at the motherboard

Remove the case cowl by unscrewing the 4 to six screws and taking the quilt off. Lay the claim on its facet with the metal lower backplate dealing with up to you. Some instances include a preinstalled PSU others do now not. To install a PSU, slide the PSU into an area with the wires facing forward into the case and the fan blowing out the back. Secure it in a region with some screws so that it does not flow. Set the voltage to 220 inside the UK, a hundred and twenty USA. The again plate may also need converting to match your motherboard. To try this damage to the vintage plate, take the new container (filled with the motherboard), and set it up in the old

The motherboard has to be sat on a secure floor in/on the antistatic bag it got herein. To install the CPU, make certain the lever at the motherboard is up (check with the guide provided with your motherboard to see how this is performed). Take the processor out of the box it got here in by using the simplest touching the edges of the chip. Place this into the socket through matching pin 1 to the proper area on a motherboard desktop computer. Usually, a gold arrow traces up with any other mark at the socket. Once in the region, Push the lever arm down to lock the processor in place.

To deploy the Heat Sink/fan onto the processor, easy the processor with a lint unfastened material to put off dust and finger oil. Take the cooling compound and squirt a small amount onto the processor without delay taking care no longer to apply too much as it can cross over the rims. Spread this frivolously over the floor of the processor. Take the Heat Sink and location it directly on top of the processor, pushing down slightly to ensure a proper connection between the processor/compound and Heat Sink. Using the clips on either aspect of the Heat Sink, secure this in an area on top of the processor. Check that no cooling compound has leaked from the sides; otherwise, you have to start again and clean each Processor and Heat Sink on desktop computers. Once the Heat Sink is in the area, plug in the electrical cord connected to it into the motherboard. See the guide supplied with your motherboard to decide which one. This is step 1 complete.

Step 2…Install memory modules (RAM) and Motherboard into the case.

To install the reminiscence modules, attach the antistatic wrist strap to an unpainted steel floor to earth yourself and discharge any static built up. On the motherboard, you must see the slot for the memory module. Make positive the clips at both give up are open i.E. Tilted backward. Please pick up the memory module using the rims and vicinity it into the slot using lining up the notches and making sure both ends are within the clips. Push down firmly, and the pins have to pop close. This is the memory Installed.


The motherboard has to have the processor, Heat Sink now, and reminiscence set up. The motherboard can currently be located in the case. To set up the motherboard into the case study, the holes on the motherboard and the holes on the motherboard plate in the case. Take the motherboard standoff screws and screw them into the motherboard plate in keeping with the holes at the motherboard. Once that is finished, take the motherboard and location it into the case with the inputs and outputs facing the back of the case. These ought to fit into the backplate of the case. Take a few screws and screw the motherboard into the standoffs. Do now not screw too tightly. In any other case, the motherboard’s circuits may also ruin but sufficient, so there is no movement. Step 2 is entire.

Step 3…Connect the Motherboard to the Case Wires and PSU

Now the motherboard is in the region, take the 20 or 24 pin connector from the energy delivery and join it to the motherboard. The board can also require a 4 Pin connector to strengthen the CPU. Plug this in too. The case also needs to have hard and fast wires so that you can plug into the motherboard. Consult with the manual provided with your motherboard to install these effectively. Usually, the connector labeled PWR_SW is the energy switch, and RST is the RESET button. The Power LED and Hard Drive LED have to be attached additionally. Once all the connectors are linked, flow to Step four.

Step 4…Install the Floppy Drive, Hard Drive, and CD ROM Drive

To set up the floppy power pick, which drives the bay, you need the floppy power in and takes away the face plate on the case. Slide the power in from the front and make sure it lines up with the faceplate and the screw holes at the mounting rack. Screw the drive into a location. Connect the energy supply to the floppy power. This is the most miniature connector popping out of the PSU. Take the ribbon cable and attach it to the back of the floppy power; this cable has a twist in it. Attach this to the motherboard lining up the red side. If you do now not line this up, the force certainly won’t work. When attached to the port on the motherboard, the floppy power is hooked up.

To set up the Hard Drive, determine which bay you’re going to put it in. Slide it in from the lower back and suit up the screw holes to the mounting plate. When that is done, comfy it in an area. Attach the 4 pin Molex connector from the PSU to the returned of the power; it’s going to best match one way. If the force is IDE, it will have a massive connector at the back; if that is the case, take the ribbon cable and fasten this to IDE 1 at the motherboard. If the force is SATA, the connector could be a whole lot smaller, and the cable loads thinner. If this is the case, take the cable and connect it to the drive’s gain, then to SATA_1 at the motherboard. This is the hard pressure established.

To install the CD ROM drive, this is very similar to the floppy drive. Choose which bay you want it in and take the faceplate off. Slide the power in from the front and screw it into a region. Attach the 4 pin Molex connector as you probably did with the difficult pressure, after which take the ribbon cable and fasten this to IDE_2 at the motherboard. This is Step 4 whole.

Step 5… Install the Video Card

A video card is required so you can see the output from your PC. There are two kinds of used older AGP playing cards or more modern PCI Express Cards. To deploy a Video Card, you have to see a brown slot called an AGP slot. If your card is AGP, then it goes here. Open the space in the back of the AGP slot. There can be a clip like with the reminiscence modules, and this is to guide the card as they may be now quite massive. Break off the metal masking the hole in the back of the case. Take the video card through maintaining the rims simplest and slot it into this port and press down firmly, you must experience it click on into place. Do not over force it as this will harm the circuits and your motherboard. Once in the vicinity at ease the card by screwing it to the back of the case. You ought to see this on the metal plate on end. Some Video Cards require extra electricity now, so connect the 4 pin Molex connector to the video card. This is the Video Card Installed.

For PCI explicit, follow above; however, use the PCI detailed slot alternatively.

Step 6…The initial boot up and configuring the bios

Well finished, you have now finished constructing your laptop. It is now time to peer if the aspect works!!! Plug inside the pc and connect the mouse and keyboard. Before you hit the power button, right here is what to look for: The PSU and Processor fanatics Start spinning, The power LED comes on, The Hard Drive boots up. You may hear a beep from the PC speaker. If you hear more than one beeps, this means there’s a blunder someplace. If there are strange grinding sounds, then turn off the laptop right away.

Leah Leonard

Coffee expert. Troublemaker. Typical music guru. Friendly beer fanatic. Introvert. Web specialist. Uniquely-equipped for implementing bullwhips in Ocean City, NJ. Spent a year importing licorice in Hanford, CA. Have some experience licensing cigarettes for the government. Once had a dream of selling toy monkeys in Las Vegas, NV. Spent the 80's working on hula hoops in Minneapolis, MN. What gets me going now is working with action figures in the government sector.

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