Acne comes in several forms, including blackheads and whiteheads; the most common type of acne is a pimple that grows deep in the skin, causing a painful, swollen red bump.
If not treated properly, it can leave scars and blemishes that are hard to go.
Dermatologists have identified some factors that contribute to the development of acne:
- Oily skin that leads to clogged pores.
- Building up of dead skin cells that block the pores.
- The presence of Propionibacterium acnes bacteria in the pores
- Inflammation of the skin causing redness.
A Dermatologist can help to identify which factor or combination of factors is causing acne. But there are various tips that can help to protect against acne and reduce the redness:
Getting the Root of Acne:
It is important to understand the cause of acne:
Clogged pores and bacteria:
The glands in the skin secrete oily sebum which clogs the pores, allowing bacteria to grow.
Changing of hormones during teenage affects the body and skin. Hormones can be released during stress or pregnancy, causing breakouts.
Your skin could develop acne if your parents had them when they were young.
The Right Acne Treatment:
Severe acne needs acne treatment recommended by a doctor, whereas mild acne, whiteheads and blackheads can be treated at home.
Wash Your Face Twice a Day
It is important to wash your face twice with a mild cleanser that will remove the excess of dirt and oil from the skin. Over-washing can make the skin dry, therefore apply moisturizer after cleaning.
Refrain From Harsh Scrubbing
Scrubbing your skin with scrubbers or harsh clothes can irritate the skin, causing inflammation, making acne breakouts worse.
Use clean and soft clothes to apply cleanser on your face.
Consider Topical Retinoid
These are products that contain medicines derived from Vitamin A. Such treatments can get rid of the excess of dead skin cells and lessen inflammation; dermatologists prescribe them to manage and prevent acne.
Consult a Dermatologist or Consider Laser Therapy
There are Laser Acne Treatments available if you have severe acne and you can’t wait to get rid of ugly skin.
If you do not want to undergo such treatments, then consult a dermatologist who can advise you to take antibiotics such as erythromycin and clindamycin to treat the inflammatory acne.
Cut Back on Foods that Causes Acne
Some foods may trigger acne in certain people. Foods with a high glycaemic index can increase the risk of developing acne or make acne worse.
Avoid eating food that is high in sugar and carbohydrates such as
- Processed food
Some people can develop acne with consumption of dairy products. You need to lower the intake of food that causes acne on your skin.
Applying sunscreens before going out can protect your skin from getting sunburns that leads to an overproduction of oils that make acne worse.
Use Oil-free sunscreen with high SPF to prevent blemishes, sunburns, redness and exacerbating acne.