One of the fundamental factors militating in opposition to the development of sports activities in Nigeria nowadays is a loss of effective control. A lot of answers are being proffered by worried and patriotic Nigerians daily to bail us out the quagmire. One of such answers is this text entitled “Modern Trends in Sports Administration and Management”. It is written by using Dr. Joseph Awoyinfa, a lecturer within the Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education, Faculty of Education, University of Lagos, Nigeria; a researcher and educational representative. I became the character invited by means of the author and the university to review the book when it became offered to the general public on December four, 2008 in Nigeria.
According to Awoyinfa, it’s miles a truism all around the world that game is now a reference problem that could no longer be omitted at various sectors of the financial system and spheres of existence. The writer adds that this article, therefore, takes an important look at topical issues in sports management and control, dwelling on theories and ideas of present-day developments in sports activities management and control together with management, organization, planning, motivation, and so forth.
The textual content contains sixteen chapters. Chapter one is christened “the idea of sports management”. Here, Awoyinfa says control is a concept that implies different things to one-of-a-kind human beings at distinct instances, consequently leading to its multiplicity of definitions. He explains that management has been variously described as an art, a technology, a person or people, a field and a procedure.
This author expatiates that as an artwork, sports control is all approximately carrying out sports activities organizational features and responsibilities through human beings; whilst as a science, sports control is about organizing sports philosophy, laws, theories, principles, processes and practices. As an organization, according to him, sports control is defined as a method of creating formal systems and an established order based totally on a mission, objectives, objectives, features, and duties.
Chapter two is based on the concern count of evolution and traits of sports management notion. Here, Awoyinfa discloses that the improvement of thoughts on sports activities control dates returned to the times when human beings first attempted to perform desires by using working collectively in a set. In his phrases, “There was severe questioning and theorizing approximately handling a few years earlier than the sunrise of the twentieth (twentieth) century, which marked the beginning of modern-day sports control concept. Major efforts to increase theories and concepts of sports activities management began in the early twentieth (20th) century with the paintings of Frederick Taylor and Henri Fayol. The business revolution of the 19th (19th) century in all likelihood supplied the climate for this very severe theorizing.”
Awoyinfa provides that because the turn of the 20 th century, writers on sports activities control and enterprise idea were propounding distinctive theories about a way to manage paintings and employees extra successfully and efficiently. This writer educates that the three foremost schools of management concept are: the classical; the human-behavioral; and the integrative. Awoyinfa also highlights early sports activities control theorists; concepts and characteristics of scientific control; appraisal of the clinical management principle, and so forth., in this bankruptcy.
Chapter 3 is thematically labeled “principles of sports activities management”. In this chapter, the educational representative explains that sports activities principles are the fundamental legal guidelines on which the exercise of sports activities control is built. He adds that control standards should, therefore, be based on popular terms for them to be relevant within game companies of various sizes and man or woman. “Modern sports managers and administrators are predicted so that it will become aware of and use appropriate ideas which might be relevant to specific conditions. This is because no single principle can fit all administrative conditions,” submits Awoyinfa.
He says the essential ideas of sports activities are those relevant to all sports enterprises and due to their well-known acceptability, they’re occasionally referred to as “conventional standards of sports control”. This creator expatiates that a number of these ideas are: obligation; delegation of authority and verbal exchange. As regards humanitarian principles of sports activities management, Awoyinfa identifies those as democracy, justice, human members of the family, sympathy, empathy, attention, and humility.
In bankruptcy 4 based on the concept of behavioral and motivational theories in sports activities organization, the writer says human beings are precise creatures as they behave in another way under one of a kind situations and are basically difficult to predict. Awoyinfa stresses that considering human beings represent the maximum critical element in sports activities corporation, sports managers want some knowledge of why people behave in a single manner or the other so that they (sports managers) can impact human beings to perform precisely the way sports companies locate proper.
As regards mode of presentation, this article scores a bypass mark. For instance, the language is comprehensible and the ideas are brilliantly articulated. The simplicity of the language is expected, given the writer’s twin professional background as a lecturer and pastor. To make a sure smooth study of the textual content on readers’ element, Awoyinfa highlights the targets of every chapter at the start and ends with evaluate/revision questions.
What’s greater, he creatively embroiders the textual content with pics (pages 50, 97, 317, 330, 338, 395, etc.) to decorate readers’ expertise thru visible communication. Awoyinfa consists of references on the quit of each chapter to fulfill the academic obligation of source disclosure and provide readers opportunities to examine more. The inclusion of many references also confirms the intensity of his research. His use of visual difference for the phrase “Modern Trends” inside the identity is emphatically innovative.
If there are chapters that honestly make this newsletter certified as a compendium of modern solutions to the executive and control problems plaguing our sports improvement in Nigeria, they may be chapters four, 8, eleven and 13. This is due to the fact they talk about motivation, planning, conversation, and leadership respectively.
Meanwhile, the thematically finest chapter of all is chapter 4. The reality that it’s miles consciously or unconsciously taken to be the best bankruptcy finds sensible expression in the deeper communication and brotherly love between its difficulty count number on the one hand and the outer the front cover’s allegorical visuals or metaphorical photos together with intention publish, cyclists racing, a lawn tennis player poised for action with her bat, sprinters competing and footballers struggling for ball possession, on the other hand. These are pix used for illustration in motivational discourse.