While growing mobile apps, corporations target Android because of its massive global mobile operating machine marketplace share. Alphabet has made Android to be had as an open source cellular platform. Also, it updates the mobile running device at normal intervals with new capabilities and improvements. But the penetration rate of individual versions of the mobile operating device differs.
The alphabet does no longer regulate the Android smartphones, pills, and phablets manufactured with the aid of diverse businesses. Hence, the devices synthetic via distinctive corporations come with varying hardware features regardless of being powered by the same model of Android. That is why; it becomes important for builders to build cell apps through focused on an extensive range of devices powered with the aid of distinct variations of Android.
While planning, developing and testing the cell app, they want to cognizance extensively on its accessibility, capability, performance, usability, and security of the mobile app to maintain the customers engaged irrespective of their preference of Android device. Also, they want to explore ways to make the app supply personalized person revel in across varying gadgets and operating system version. They similarly need to cope with a number of commonplace challenges to increase a strong Android app.
1) Software Fragmentation
As cited earlier, the marketplace percentage of individual versions of Android differs. According to the trendy records released by Google, the maximum latest model of its mobile working device – Nougat – has a market proportion decrease than its predecessors – Marshmallow, Lollipop and KitKat. Each new edition of Android comes with several new features and upgrades. The developers should encompass unique capabilities within the app to make it deliver ideal user revel in through taking advantage of those new functions. At the identical time, in addition they need to make sure that the app offers rich and personalized person experience on devices powered by older variations of Android. The developers should target more than one versions of Android to make the application famous and worthwhile in the brief run.
2) Varying Hardware Features
Unlike other cellular operating structures, Android is open supply. Alphabet permits tool manufacturers to customize its running system in keeping with their precise needs. Also, it does now not adjust the Android gadgets launched by using diverse producers. Hence, the devices include various hardware functions in spite of being powered by using the equal model of Android. For example, two gadgets powered through Android Nougat may also differ from every other inside the category of display display screen size, resolution, camera and different hardware features. While growing an Android app, the builders want to ensure that it provides customized revel in to every person through having access to all hardware capabilities of his tool.
3) No Uniform User Interface Designing Processor Rules
Google has not launched any common user interface (UI) designing technique or policies for the cell app developers. Hence, most builders build Android apps without following any popular UI development method or guidelines. When the developers create custom UI interfaces of their personal way, the apps do not appearance or characteristic continually across one of a kind gadgets. The incompatibility and variety of the UI impacts the user experience delivered through the Android app at once. The clever builders opt for responsive format to hold the UI consistent across many gadgets. Also, the developers have to check the UI in their cellular app comprehensively with the aid of combining each real devices and emulators. But regularly builders discover it formidable to layout a UI that make the app appearance constant throughout numerous Android devices.
Four) API Incompatibility
Most builders use 1/3-birthday party APIs to decorate the mobile app’s functionality and interoperability. But the high-quality of 0.33-birthday celebration APIs available for Android app developers differ. Some APIs are designed for a particular model of Android. Hence, those APIs do now not paintings on devices powered with the aid of exceptional variations of the cell running system. The builders ought to discover methods to make a single API painting on exclusive variations of Android. But they regularly locate it tough to make the app work smoothly on distinctive Android devices with the equal set of APIs.
Five) Security Flaws
Its open supply nature makes it less complicated for device producers to customise Android in line with their particular desires. But the openness and its big marketplace share made Android liable to frequent protection attacks. There are many times while security of millions of Android gadgets has been impacted by safety flaws or bugs like Stagefright, ‘Certified-gate’ mRST, FakeID, Installer Hijacking and TowelRoot. The developers should encompass sturdy safety features inside the application and use brand new encryption mechanism to maintain the consumer facts relaxed no matter targeted security assaults and security flaws in Android.
6) Android Search Engine Visibility
The modern data published on numerous internet site depict that Google Play Store has a much higher range of cell apps than Apple App Store. Also, a big percentage of Android device customers decide upon unfastened apps to paid apps. Hence, the developers have to sell their mobile apps aggressively to perform higher download numbers and implement app monetization options. They also need to put in force a comprehensive virtual advertising strategy to sell the app via focused on the most applicable customers. Many builders need to avail the services of digital advertising and marketing professionals to promote their apps aggressively.
7) Patent Issues
The users have choice to pick out from several Android apps presenting same functions and functionalities. But builders frequently find it formidable to construct apps with specific functions and capability. They often include capabilities and functionalities within the app that make it much like a number of apps available inside the same category within the Play save. Unlike Apple, Google does not put into effect stringent tips to assess the first-class of latest apps being submitted to its app store. Lack of standardized first-class assessment guidelines often make builders deal with issues related to patent. Some developers need to layout and alter their apps in destiny to keep away from patent problems.